Urban Livelihoods CBSE Class 6 Civics Notes | DailyHomeStudy

Urban Livelihood

  • A large number of people in the city work on streets-12 % of all the workers in the city were people working on the street- they sell things or repair them or provide a service-work on their own-are not employed by anyone-have to organise their own work-have to plan how much to purchase-where and how to set up their shops-shops are usually temporary structures-just some boards or papers spread over discarded boxes-or a canvas sheet hung up on a few poles.
  • may also use their own carts or simply a plastic sheet spread on the pavement-can be asked to dismantle their shops at any time by the police- have no security- there are certain parts of the city where these hawkers are not allowed to enter
  • Vendors sell things -often prepared at home by their families who purchase, clean, sort and make them ready to sell-almost 1 crore street vendors working in the urban areas- an obstruction to traffic and to people walking-is now recognised as a general benefit -right of people to earn their livelihood
  • government thinking about modifying the law that banned street vendors so that they have a place to work and that there is also a free flow of traffic and people
  • Hawking zones have been suggested for towns and cities-also been suggested that mobile vendors should be allowed to move around freely-Hawkers need to be part of committees
  • set up to take these and other decisions relating to them.

In the Market

  • Many people own shops in various markets of the city-may be small or large-sell different things-businesspersons manage their own shops or business-not employed by anyone-do employ a number of other workers as supervisors and helpers-are permanent shops-given a licence to do business by the municipal corporation-Municipal Corporation decides on which day of the week the market has to remain closed-market also has small offices and shops that provide services, such as banks, courier services and others.

In the Factory-Workshop Area

  • The place called”labour chowk”-were daily wage labourers who work as helpers to masons-dig at construction sites, lift loads or unload trucks in the market, dig pipelines and telephone cables and also build roads
  • thousands of such casual workers in the city-most workers in the factory, are employed on what is known as casual basis-required to come as and when the employer needs them-are employed when the employer gets large orders-or during certain seasons-other times they have to find some other work-not a permanent job
  • if workers complain about their pay or working conditions-asked to leave-no job security or protection-there is ill-treatment-are also expected to work very long hours.

In the Office Area

  • People working in offices draw a regular monthly salary-a permanent worker with the company-expect the job to continue for a long period of time-other benefits of permanent worker
  • Savings for old age: Part of her salary kept in a fund with the government-can earn interest on these savings
  • Holidays: mostly gets off on weekends and national holidays-gets some days as annual leave
  • Medical facilities for her family: Company pays the medical expenses up to a certain amount-gets medical leave-salary is not cut on taking this leave.
Facebook Comments
error: Content is protected !!