Food: Where Does It Come From? | DailyHomeStudy

Written by on April 3, 2021 in Notes

The component that we consume, which provides nourishment to the body, is called food.

E.g., Rice, chapati, curry, fruits, vegetables, cheese, bread, milk, curd, butter, etc.

Ingredients

The components or materials required to prepare a food item are called as ingredients.

E.g., different types of vegetables, spices are ingredients for sambar.

Food Variety

What is food? Why is it necessary to have food? What would happen if we do not eat food?

Physical determinants – Education, Skills
Biological determinants – Appetite, taste
Economical determinants – Availability, cost

Why Is Variety In Food Important?

What Are Nutrients?

Types Of Food

There are five major food groups:

Fruits – Provides phytonutrients, vitamins, minerals, roughage and are easily available. They are directly obtained from plants.
Vegetables – They are obtained from plants and are high in phytonutrients, vitamins, minerals which form important constituents of our food.
Dairy products – An excellent source of calcium for our bones and teeth
Poultry, lean meats, fish, eggs – High in proteins and vitamins which helps in building tissues and muscles and provides immunity.
Cereal, legumes– Obtained from plants, rich in high fibres.

Food: Variety and Sources

FOOD VARIETY AND SOURCES

Plants as source

Animals as source

DIET OF ANIMALS

Food Materials and Sources

Food Items

We eat different food items every day.
Each of these food items requires ingredients to make them.
E.g., Chicken curry is made with chicken, spices, oil/ghee and water.

Food Sources

Food Materials And Sources

Food Materials and Sources

Food is mainly obtained from plants and animals.

Food Materials Obtained From Plants

Edible Plant Materials and their Sources

Food Materials Obtained from Animals

Edible Animal Materials and their Sources

Animals and their Food

Plant Parts and Animal Products as Food

Plant Products

Animal Products

Food Sources – Animal & Plant Products

Food From Plants

Vegetables

Roots

Radish, turnip, carrot, beetroot are some of the roots that are eaten as vegetables.

Stem

Potato and ginger are the stems that are eaten as vegetables.

Leaves

Spinach, cabbage, lettuce are the leaves eaten as vegetables.

Flowers

Broccoli and cauliflower are the flowers eaten in the form of vegetables.

Fruits

Fruits are a healthy source of food from plants. Orange, mango, apple, grapes are some of the fruits consumed by humans.

Cereals

Cereals include rice, wheat, maize, jowar, barley, etc. These are a rich source of nutrients provided by the plants.

Tea, Coffee

Coffee and tea are widely grown in the southern parts of India. These are also obtained from the plants. Not just these, sugar is also obtained from the plants. It is processed from the sugarcane plant.

Oil

Oil can be extracted from the seeds and leaves of the plants. Some of the plants producing oil are castor, mustard, and sunflower.

Spices

Cinnamon, cardamom, pepper, clove, cumin seeds, and ginger are obtained from the plants and used for cooking purposes.

Food From Animals

Milk

Cows, buffaloes, sheep, goat, and camels are a great source of milk. Milk is also called as an ideal food. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and fats.

Eggs

Chickens, ducks, geese, and quails are raised for eggs and meat. The egg is a rich source of protein and vitamin. The yolk of the egg is mostly made up of egg. It also contains vitamins, phosphorus, calcium and iron.

Meat

Meat is of two types- red meat and white meat.

The meat of cow, goat, sheep and pigs has a lot of fat and is called red meat. White meat contains less fat and is obtained from chicken and fish. White meat is healthier and can be easily digested as compared to the red meat.

Meat is rich in proteins, vitamins, zinc, phosphorus and iron.

What Do Animals Eat?

Food Habits

The method of eating or choices of food followed by living organisms is called as food habit.
E.g. a rabbit eats grass or plant-based food.

Herbivores

Animals which feed on plants are called herbivores.

E.g., cow, goat etc.

Carnivores

Animals which feed on other animals are called carnivores.

E.g., lion, tiger etc

Omnivores

Animals which feed on both plants and other animals are called omnivores.

E.g., bears. They feed on flesh as well as honey

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